Colorado Quick Facts
Size: 8th largest state (land mass)
Tree: Colorado Blue Spruce
Bird: Lark Bunting
The Colorado War (1863-1865) was an armed conflict between the U.S. and Native Americans that resulted in their displacement from Colorado to present-day Oklahoma. The conflict was particularly brutal, especially the battle known as the Sand Creek Massacre.
In the mid-1860's as a result of the world-wide epidemic of tuberculosis, Colorado became known as the "World's Sanitarium" as physicians on the east coast encouraged their patients to travel here.
The lyrics to "America the Beautiful" were written by Katharine Lee Bates in 1893 after a visit to the top of Pikes Peak.
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Colorado Is Rich In History
Located in the Rocky Mountains of western United States, Colorado was originally home to the Ancient Pueblo Peoples, and later, the Plains Indians. In the late 1500s, the area was explored by Europeans with Spanish pioneers dubbing the area "Colorado" for its red-colored earth. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo that ended the Mexican-American war ceded the area to the United States in 1848. In 1858, gold was discovered and led to the Pike's Peak Gold Rush and contributed to a population boom in the state. In 1876, Colorado joined the Union as its 38th state.
Experience Colorado's Heritage
Whether you're a Colorado native or a transplant, there is always something special to learn about Colorado's heritage. As a resident, I'm sure many of you have out-of-state friends and family who love to come and visit. Consider exploring our state's heritage by visiting historical museums like the Byers-Evans House Museum, the El Pueblo History Museum or the Ute Indian Museum. Or take part in a walking tour of Sand Creek and Bent's Fort or take the Denver's Mountain Parks Tour where you'll see the nation's best-preserved CCC camp.
To help plan your next adventure, check out these resources.